language and country


1:1 fine rib

Fabric with fine ribs on both sides of the material.

2:2 fine rib

Fabric with a clear ribbed texture on both sides of the material. It is very stretchy and sits comfortably against the body.

4:4 rib

Comfortable, close-fitting fabric with a very defined ribbed texture on both sides of the material and a very generous amount of stretch.


The cup size AA is smaller than A and therefore the smallest size for bras. A chest of this measurement is only a few centimetres larger than the underbust circumference.


Accessories are fashionable complements that add a specific accent or emphasise the style of clothing. The most common are jewellery and hats, but they also include bath towels, swimwear and pareos.


Collective name for woven and knitted fabrics with fine openwork. The resulting patterns are called ajour patterns.


In the fashion world, the A-line is a cut that is characterised by being narrow at the top and gradually widening towards the bottom in the shape of an A, creating a flattering silhouette.


A warm, earthy shade reminiscent of almonds.

Animal print

Animal prints are prints or patterns on clothing that resemble the fur or skin pattern of animals. Leopard, tiger, zebra and snake patterns are particularly popular for this fashion style. These are pure replicas and artificial print patterns that are designed based on natural animal patterns.


Appliqués are small embellishments on fabrics. These are sewn on or glued to clothing, and are usually beads, stones or glitter details that decorate tops, pants or accessories.


The athleisure look is a trend that combines sports fashion in a casual style for everyday wear. Trainers, sports jackets or hoodies are combined with streetwear.


A one-piece top that can be worn as both underwear and outerwear, but differs from regular shirts in that it has a section in the crotch.


A narrow, flexible rod that is sewed into the fabric of garments to support or accentuate a particular shape.

Boxer briefs

Underpants for men that have the cut of wide boxer shorts, but fit snugly. The leg hems can be cut either short or long down to about the first third of the thigh.


A shortened form of the more formal English word ‘brassiere’, a piece of women’s underwear that supports the breasts.


Breathable describes the ability of materials to let air and moisture pass through to ensure comfort, especially during sporting activities or warm weather.


A bustier (also known as a bralette) is a soft bra with no wires or padded cups.

Cable stitch

A special knitting pattern whereby the stitches are crossed over as if braiding a plait.


A top that usually has spaghetti straps, is loosely cut and is classed as women’s underwear.

Carbon finish

A way of specially treating the surface of cotton fabrics to make them even softer and warmer.


Cashmere wool is a high-quality natural fibre obtained from the undercoat of cashmere goats. It is characterised by its softness, lightness and thermal insulation.


Cellulose is a natural fibre raw material that is obtained from plants and used as a popular alternative in textile production due to its sustainable properties.

Centre gore

The centre gore refers to the narrow panel between the cups of a bra. It is the band that connects the cups at the front and runs below the breasts. The centre gore plays an important role in supporting and shaping the bra.


Changeant refers to fabrics that change colour or shimmer depending on the way the light hits them or the viewing angle.

Charmeuse fabric

Charmeuse fabric is a smooth, silky material, often made from polyester or silk, that is used for elegant clothing such as blouses and nightgowns due to its shiny finish and fine texture.

Chemical fibres

A ‘chemical fibre’ is an artificially produced fibre consisting of chemical substances, such as polyester or nylon, that is used in textiles for various purposes.

Clean cut

Clean cut in fashion means a plain, neat and simple style without excessive details that is usually characterised by extra-flat side seams.


A collection is a carefully curated selection of different pieces or elements that are harmoniously coordinated and share a common thematic or stylistic focus.


Contrast refers to the noticeable difference between different elements, be it in terms of colour, pattern or texture, in order to achieve a striking visual effect.


A corsage is a tight-fitting, waist-length top that is often worn to emphasise the female figure.


A corselet is a shaping garment that covers the torso and often shapes the waist, stomach and hips. Unlike the corset, the corselet usually extends to the hips and offers a smoother, more seamless silhouette.


A bodice that shapes the hips and waist is known as a corset. It is strengthened by sewn-in boning in the area of the torso to support the shaping.


Cotton fibres, which are well-known among many others, are obtained from the seed hairs of the mallow plant genus. This natural fibre is hard-wearing, skin-friendly and breathable, which is why it has become the world’s most popular natural fabric.

Cradle to Cradle®

Refers to a sustainable design approach and certification whereby products are designed in such a way that their materials, once used, can be returned to the production cycle without leaving waste behind.

Cross back

For garments with a cross back (or racerback), the straps are criss-crossed over the back. In sports bras, the back and chest are supported by the crossed straps, which helps to maintain a more upright posture.


The cup refers to the shell of the bra. This can be both firm and preformed or sewn from fabric.

Cup size

Bra cups are measured and designed in different sizes. The size can be determined by measuring horizontally with a tape measure once around the upper body, focusing on the fullest part of the bust.


Darts are used in clothing to emphasise the shape of the body. This involves sewing in folds that taper to a point. These usually sit at the waist to emphasise it more. Curved folds enhance this effect further.


The décolletage refers to the area at the upper part of the chest, in particular the cleavage area, that is often emphasised to create an appealing focal point.


Dip-dye is a dyeing technique in which the fabric gradually changes from one colour to another by dipping it in dye.

Double rib

Double rib refers to a special style of stitch in textiles that is created by alternating raised and recessed ribs, resulting in a sturdy and stretchy fabric.


All elastic fibres are called elastane. These fibres are particularly characterised by the fact that they give textile surfaces greater elasticity, thus ensuring an optimal fit and a crease-free look with a high degree of freedom of movement.


An emblem is a symbolic sign or badge used to express identity or affiliation, often through a memorable design or specific form.


Embroidery is a technique in which threads or yarns are sewn onto fabric to create patterns, designs or embellishments. This is done by piercing the material with a needle to position the threads in different shapes and textures.


Small round metal rings that are placed in specific areas of garments and used to pass through ribbons, cords or other elements to fulfil a functional or decorative purpose.


A fibre is a thin, thread-like component that makes up fabrics or materials.


Fine, thread-like fibres that are often processed into fabrics or textiles, forming the basis for the texture of different materials.

Fine rib

A double jersey fabric with fine continuous ribs. Fine rib is particularly stretchy and fits the body very well.

Flap pocket

A flap pocket is a pocket with an overlapping flap closure that gives the design an additional structured touch.

Fond de Robe

A French term referring to a half slip or full slip worn under a dress to shape the silhouette or provide extra comfort.

Halter neck

A halter neck is a garment design where the fabric runs around the neck and is often tied at the nape, exposing the shoulders and upper back.


The hem is the bottom edge of clothing, such as the hem of the sleeves or pants. It prevents the fabric from fraying and can also be used for decoration. The hem is fixed in place either by machine or by hand using special stitches.

High waist

The high waist trend emerged in the 1940s and has been making comebacks ever since. With this special trouser cut, the high waistband is very prominent. The waistband of pants, briefs or swim trunks is snug, covers the hips and is therefore often worn to conceal the midriff.


Refers to a particular cut of underpants that is characterised by a lower waist and wider side coverage.


The term ‘H-line’ describes a straight cut in which the top and bottom of a garment are roughly the same width, similar to the shape of the letter ‘H’.


A unit of measurement used in many areas and corresponding to about 2.54 centimetres.


Indigo is a deep, strong blue colouring often used in the fashion industry for its distinctive hue.


Indicates a very high-quality fabric that has two rows of stitches, resulting in a very tight surface. Interlock is very stretchy and keeps its shape permanently. Both sides of the fabric look the same.


Intimates refers to elegant underwear, typically for women, that is often considered seductive due to its attractive design and materials.


‘Ivory’ is a term that describes a light yellow to cream shade reminiscent of the colour of ivory tusks.


Jacquard is a weaving technique in which complex patterns and designs are woven into the fabric. This is done by controlling special weaving machines to lift or lower individual yarns. The jacquard effect makes it possible to create detailed and multi-coloured patterns on textiles, resulting in high-quality and elaborate fabrics.

Jazz pants

Also known as waist briefs, these underpants are characterised by the high leg opening and waistband. This makes the legs appear longer and has a slight shaping effect of the lower tummy area. The name stems from the legroom of the garment, which allows for dancing, sports and movement without restrictions or unpleasant pinching.


A combination of jeans and leggings that blends the comfortable cut and flexible material of leggings with the look and details of jeans.


A single- or double-sided knitted fabric made from different raw materials/fibre materials. On one side of fabric there are only knit stitches and on the other side only purl stitches. Jersey fabrics are very comfortable to wear and easy to care for, which is why they are most commonly used for sleepwear, daywear and T-shirts.

The following types of jersey are distinguished according to the type of knit:

Single jersey

Double jersey


A jumpsuit is a garment that consists of a single piece and covers the whole body without being divided into a top and bottoms.


An airy maxi dress that is usually made of silk or wool. The oriental garment is adorned with traditional patterns and is usually sewn or gathered at the waist. The kaftan is often worn as an alternative cover-up garment on the beach.


A traditional Japanese garment with wide sleeves and usually an ankle-length cut, often worn for special occasions or as an elegant outerwear garment.

Knee length

Refers to a longer cut in garments that creates an elegant and sophisticated look.


Lace is a fine, decorative fabric that has its roots in embroidery. It consists of a pattern of threads and can be made both by hand and by machine. Lace is often used for elegant embellishments in garments.

Laser cutting

A precise technique in which a laser beam is used to cut materials, often fabrics, into precise and fine patterns or contours.

Laundry bag

A bag that protects laundry in the washing machine. This safeguards delicate lace and bras from hooks or zippers.


Layering means wearing several garments on top of each other to create an individual style or to adapt to different temperatures.


Leggings are tight-fitting pants made of stretchy material that usually cover the legs and often reach down to the ankles.


Linen is a natural fibre known for its durability and breathability. It is obtained from the fibres of the flax plant and is considered to be one of the oldest and most well-known natural fibres.


Lingerie comes from French and refers to elegant and seductive women’s underwear, often made from fine fabrics.


Loden is a dense, water-repellent and durable fabric that is often used in the manufacture of clothing and textiles.


A long-sleeve garment is designed to cover the arms while providing comfort and style.

Loose fit

Loose fit describes the relaxed fit of garments that are generously cut and provide more room for movement.

Low cut

Describes a cut or style where the neckline or fit is low or low-cut.

Low-pill finish

A special manufacturing process that gives fabrics the quality of hardly pilling at all on the surface. The fabric has a clear, smooth, fine appearance and looks elegant.


Lycra is an elastic fabric known for its excellent stretch and shape retention, making it ideal for garments that require a good fit and flexibility.


Also known as Tencel Lyocell®, this is an industrially produced cellulose fibre made from natural raw materials such as the wood from the eucalyptus tree.


Clothing specifically designed for pregnant women to provide comfort and support during pregnancy.


Cotton fabrics of very high quality are specially treated under tension and thus refined, leading to a permanent structural change. The fibre acquires a silk-like, wash-resistant shine and becomes firmer and therefore more sturdy. Pilling can be largely prevented thanks to this increased sturdiness.

Merino wool

Merino wool is a high-quality type of wool obtained from Merino sheep. It is characterised by its fine fibre structure, which is soft, light and breathable, making it particularly comfortable to wear on the skin.


An innovative material in the fashion world, known for its exceptional lightness, softness and durability, resulting in garments that are comfortable to wear and long-lasting.


A finely woven fabric that is often used in the fashion world for garments. It is characterised by its air-permeable structure, which results in a modern, see-through look.


General term for fibres and threads made of polyester and polyamide. Microfibres are finer than silk, for example. Knitted fabrics made of microfibres are characterised by their soft feel, flowing drape and light weight, making them extremely comfortable to wear.

Mix and match

Mix and match describes the creative way of combining different garments or elements in an individual way to create a personal and versatile style.


Modal/viscose are chemically produced fibres that have the same physiological clothing properties as cotton. Viscose fibres are obtained from the natural raw material cellulose, which is found in common wood species such as beech, spruce or eucalyptus. Unlike cotton fibres, however, viscose yarns are produced as endless filament yarns, while modal fibres are produced mainly as staple fibres.

Both fibres are characterised by their particularly soft feel and, similar to cotton, they have a cooling effect on the skin, retain their shape, are easy to care for and have good absorbency. The colours shine with a brilliant, subtle sheen on the smooth, high-quality surface.

Moulded cups

Bra fabric or bra cup material that is formed and fixed into the shape of a breast with the help of heat. The advantage of moulded cups is clearly their comfort and appearance, since they have no annoying seams that could irritate the breasts or show under  outerwear.

Natural fibres

The fibres from natural raw materials can be divided into animal and plant sources. Plant fibres include cotton, linen and jute, whereby only selected fibres are processed into clothing textiles. Animal fibres are obtained from sheep’s wool, goat’s hair (e.g. cashmere) or silk threads from silkworm cocoons.


A negligée is a lightweight, usually short garment, often made of fine fabrics and worn for an elegant or seductive look.

Nicky fabric

Nicky fabric is a material characterised by its soft, velvety texture. It is often used in the manufacture of garments to make them comfortable and cosy to wear.


A synthetic polymer used in the production of fine fibres. It is known for its elasticity, strength and slightly shiny surface, which makes it a popular material for various textiles.

O shape/apple shape

The ‘O shape’ or ‘apple shape’ describes a body shape where the proportions around the waist are more rounded, with no pronounced curves or a clear waistline.


An internationally recognised certification system for textile products that ensures that they have been tested for potentially harmful substances and are therefore considered safe for human use. The requirements of this standard offer the consumer maximum reassurance when it comes to skin sensitivity and harmful substances.

One size

Garments or accessories that are designed as one-size-fits-all and that adapt to different body types thanks to their flexible fit.

Onion principle

The onion principle works quite simply: instead of a thick jumper, you wear several thinner garments on top of each other. These layers not only keep the body cosy and warm, but also offer optimum freedom of movement compared to bulky jumpers. The layering principle is reminiscent of the layers of an onion and has become popularised by outdoor sports such as skiing, hiking and cycling.

Organic cotton

Organic cotton refers to cotton that is grown according to organic farming principles without the use of synthetic pesticides or fertilisers.


Organza is a lightweight, sheer material that is often used in fashion. It is characterised by its fine structure and delicate elegance.


A style where garments are intentionally worn larger than the usual sizes to achieve a casual and relaxed look.


Padded describes the use of extra material, often foam or padding, to make a particular area appear more voluminous or shapely.


Paisley describes an eye-catching, curved pattern that is often found on textiles and is characterised by a distinctive shape.

Panel seam

A panel seam is a seam in the garment that joins various parts together. It helps to improve the fit and give the garment structure.


A patch is a decorative element or embellishment that is often applied to garments to add an individual style or personal touch.

Pattern repeat

In the textile world, pattern repeat simply means that a pattern is repeated regularly to make fabrics or designs look uniform and beautiful.


In bras, plunge describes a low centre panel and tight-fitting underwires on the outer edge of the cups to shape the breasts slightly inwards. For larger breasts, the plunge effect serves as a substitute for push-up bras to create a fuller cleavage.


A soft, velvety texture often created by densely packed, short fibres on a fabric.


Polyacrylic is a synthetic material that is prized for its softness, thermal insulation and moisture-wicking properties.


Polyamide is a synthetic fibre that dries quickly, is easy to care for, creases very little and is very good at retaining its shape. Polyamide filaments are mainly used in women’s underwear, stockings, swimwear and sportswear.


Polychloride is a plastic material that is formed by combining certain chemical building blocks.


Polyester is particularly suitable for functional clothing, as it does not absorb moisture but wicks it away from the body directly. Polyester has the highest tear and abrasion resistance of all synthetic fibres.


Polyethylene is a strong and flexible material that is often used in various everyday objects because it is durable and resistant to moisture and chemicals.


Polypropylene is a versatile material that is used in textile production. It is characterised by its lightness, durability and resistance, making it ideal for various applications in the materials industry.


Polyurethane, a versatile material in the fashion industry, makes garments stretchy and durable without sacrificing comfort. It ensures an optimal fit and enables innovative design elements.


A poncho is a loose garment without sleeves that you just pull over your head. It comes from Latin America and was traditionally worn by indigenous people as protection from wind and weather. Nowadays, the poncho is often used as a fashion accessory.

Puff sleeves

Puff sleeves are sleeves on garments that have an airy, slightly puffy shape thanks to their voluminous cut and often due to ruffles or gathering on the shoulders.

Quality seal

A quality seal is a graphic or label that is affixed to a product to confirm that it meets certain quality standards. These seals are usually awarded by independent organisations or trade associations in order to give consumers confidence in the quality and safety of the product. They serve as an indication that the product has passed certain tests and met certain standards.


Criss-cross straps at the back that give added support to sports bras and lend tops a sporty look. With the racerback or cross back, the straps cross at the upper back and offer freedom of movement for the arms.

Regular fit

Describes a classic, normal cut in clothing. Garments with a regular fit are neither too tight nor too loose, but offer a balanced and comfortable fit that is well suited for everyday wear.


The rise refers to the point on your body where the waistband of your pants or skirt sits. A high rise means that the waistband sits higher, usually closer to your natural waistline. A low rise means that the waistband sits lower, often below the natural waistline. The rise influences how your clothes fit and how your body proportions appear.


ROICA™ is a pioneering stretch fibre that not only provides flexibility and comfort, but also embodies environmental awareness. ROICA™ is the first stretch fibre to be 100% recyclable. This means that it completely dissolves at the end of its life cycle without releasing harmful substances. As a sustainable alternative to elastane, ROICA™ opens up new options for the production of high-quality textiles that are not only environmentally friendly but also extremely comfortable to wear.


Ruches means that the fabric has tight folds in some places to give it a special shape or texture. This can be done by sewing, pulling strings or strips of elastic. In fashion, ruches are often used to give garments a specific look.


Ruffles are decorative embellishments in the form of small folds or waves that are applied to clothing or fabrics. These playful details are often placed along the edges, necklines or sleeves to give the garment a feminine or whimsical touch. Ruffles can be made of the same material as the garment or a contrasting material.


Satin is a fabric that is made using a special weaving technique called the atlas weave. This technique is characterised by a smooth, shiny effect on the surface of the fabric. The special thing about satin is that the fibres are closely interwoven, giving the material a luxurious and silky sheen.


Seamless garments are those that have no side seams or are finished with flat edges. They are very comfortable and feel like a second skin. No pinching, no seam marks under outerwear and the ideal choice under tight clothes.


Sequins are shiny, small flat discs that are often used on garments to give them a sparkling and decorative effect.


Shorties is simply a term for shorts, often used for comfortable pyjama bottoms that end above the knee.


The silhouette in fashion refers to the outline or outer shape of a garment. It is similar to a dark outline against a lighter background and influences how the garment emphasises the contours and proportions.


Silk is a fine fibre obtained from the cocoons of the silkworm, the larva of the silk moth. It is the only naturally occurring continuous textile fibre and consists mostly of protein.

The following positive physiological properties can be attributed to silk:
regulates body temperature, very good at keeping its shape, high lustre and very sturdy.
Particularly brilliant colours are achieved on silk fabrics. Silk is sensitive to high temperatures, abrasion and water spots.

Single jersey

Single jersey is a fine knitted fabric consisting of a single sheet and usually made of cotton. There are only knit stitches on one side of the fabric and only purl stitches on the other. Single jersey has a slightly lower lateral strain, but is very stretchy and very comfortable to wear. This is why single jersey is particularly suitable for clothing that is worn directly on the skin, such as sleepwear, daywear and T-shirts.

Slim fit

Slim fit describes a figure-hugging cut in the fashion world. Garments with a slim fit are snug and emphasise the body shape without being too tight or restrictive.

St. Gallen lace

Very high quality traditional lace that’s made in St. Gallen.

Stretch lace

Stretch lace is a flexible and elastic material with delicate patterns that is used in fashion to give garments a decorative and flexible character.

Supima® cotton

Supima® cotton is a high-quality cotton known for its exceptional quality and durability. It is obtained from the fibres of the plant known as Gossypium barbadense, which is prized for its fine, long staple fibres. Supima® cotton is characterised by a soft feel, high colour fastness and better tear resistance. It is a relatively rare material, as it accounts for only a small percentage of the world’s cotton production.


Tactel® is a type of synthetic material that is used in the textile industry. It is a lightweight and durable fibre that is particularly soft and comfortable on the skin.


Tencel™ is a sustainable fibre that is obtained from wood pulp, mostly from eucalyptus trees. This fibre is produced using an environmentally friendly process that helps to save water and energy. Tencel™ is particularly soft, breathable and absorbent, making it a popular choice for sustainable clothing and home textiles.

Terry cloth

A textile material with a slightly ruffled surface, often used in towels, bathrobes and similar products due to its absorbent and soft properties.


Tulle is a lightweight, finely woven fabric that is often sheer and is made from different fibres such as nylon, polyester or cotton.


A tunic is a loose, often knee-length garment with short or long sleeves, characterised by a wide and comfortable cut. Originally, the tunic dates back to antiquity and was worn by both men and women. Nowadays, the tunic is a versatile fashion piece that can be worn both as a casual top and as a lightweight dress.

Twisted yarn/twisted

A twisted yarn is a thread that has been produced by twisting together at least two strands; it is characterised by increased strength.

Underbust band

The underbust band is the elastic part of a bra that is located directly below the breasts. It serves to support and stabilise the bra, but also to ensure a comfortable fit.

Underbust girth

The underbust girth is the measurement around the area directly below the bust. It is measured by placing the tape measure firmly below the breasts, parallel to the floor. This measurement helps to determine the correct bra size, as it takes into account the circumference of the ribcage below the bust.


Stiffening pieces that are sewn into the bra in a semi-circle under the bust. These shaped underwires are usually made of metal or plastic and give the bra stability.


Velour is a fabric with a soft, fluffy surface. The term comes from French and basically means ‘velvet’.


Velvet is a special fabric in which the fibres protrude from the fabric through a special weaving technique, giving it its velvety-soft surface. Velvet used to be a luxury fabric for chic clothing; today, it is still widely used to create elegant fashion.


In the fashion world, vintage describes garments or accessories that embody the style and aesthetics of past decades, exude timeless elegance and thus highlight a nostalgic charm in today’s fashion scene.

Virgin wool

The term ‘virgin wool’ is reserved for the highest quality wool product, which is obtained by shearing a live animal. Virgin wool is never obtained from any other finished product, nor is it subjected to any other fibre-damaging process.


Viscose is a fibre made from cellulose, often from beech or spruce wood. It has a special lustre and a soft feel.


Voile is a sheer, fine-threaded fabric woven into a plain weave. The term comes from French and means ‘veil’.

Waffle piqué

Waffle piqué is characterised by a special production method in which a distinctive look with little square boxes is created in the fabric – comparable to the squares of a freshly baked waffle straight from the waffle maker. This unique design gives fabrics increased breathability and an appealing, textured appearance.


Wool is a natural fibre product that is obtained by shearing sheep. This versatile fibre is often used in the textile industry and is characterised by its thermal insulation, breathability and soft texture.


A wrinkle is an informal term for a crease in clothing that occurs when fabric is folded by pressure or compression unintentionally. This can occur, for example, when clothes are folded too tightly or unevenly, resulting in unwanted folds or wrinkles.

X shape

The hourglass figure is characterised by its distinctive, feminine silhouette with 90–60–90 measurements. The bust and hips have an optimal circumference of 90 cm, while the waist is narrow.

Y shape

The Y body shape represents a characteristic dress shape that often has a straight cut, likes to taper into a tight fit at the waist and then gently fall downwards. This style was particularly popular in the 1980s, characterised by broad shoulders and timeless elegance.


Yarn refers to all textile fibres that form a long, thin string either individually or from several fibres. During further processing, this serves as the basis for fabrics, seams, weaves and knits.


Yucca refers to both the plant and its fibres, which are mainly native to arid areas in the south-west of North America. The yucca fibres, taken from the leaves of the plant, are used by the indigenous people for a variety of purposes such as clothing, baskets and ropes.